Ten years of "Start" - a decade in operating systems • HWzone
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Ten years of "start" - a decade in operating systems

Start of operating systems
In 1975, at a time when most of us were not even planning, Bill Gates and Paul Allen set up a young start-up called Microsoft. The company was a small, resource-rich company with a great vision - to put a personal computer in every home. A year later Apple, then known as Apple Computer, was founded by Steve Jobs and Steve Wozniak. The story of the Linux operating system A little different and starts with the UNIX operating system: its source code was written by Linus Torvalds, who wrote it in the AT & T Bell Labs in 1969 in order to easily access UNIX servers at the university where he studied. He did it for fun and never thought to develop Home hardware, but fate had other plans.
In 1984 has introduced The first computer has a Mac OS that was the beginning of the graphical interface. This operating system, with its various versions, is installed by default on every Macintosh computer ever since.
Mac OS, the beginning of the graphical interface Windows 3.1
The first release of Red Hat
HWzone's history begins in 2001, but we can not discuss it In the history of Windows Without starting the breakthrough 3 brought with it, and continued with 3.1 and 3.11 windows. These operating systems sold about 10 million copies worldwide, making Windows the most popular OS in 1992. These versions have introduced advanced and impressive visuals with 16 colors, task manager, file manager and print manager. All of these, along with other features, were faster with the 386 processor . The 3.11 version added support for P2P workgroups, and in the meantime, Server systems were not available.
Microsoft Introduces First 32 Bit System
A year later Microsoft introduces Windows NT, The first bit 32 system. The system was called Windows NT 3.1, but do not get confused with the usual 3.1 version: This is a project that started in the 80 and is not based on the operating system 3.11. Bill Gates referred to the operating system and said: "Windows NT is a fundamental change in the way companies can deliver their business computing needs."
Remember this screen? NT version of 3.11
In 1994 is displayed the first version of Red Hat Linux (Red Hat Linux - one of the Linux versions we've chosen to detail). The first Linux system was written in 1991, with no purpose in making it an operating system in itself. Initially, Red Hat was just an emulator designed to communicate with large Unix servers. Itself was considered an underground and controversial system, and there were many who called it a "free alternative to Unix."
Microsoft Launches Microsoft Office 95
"It's here," began the press conference in which Bill Gates unveiled 95 windows. It was an age when computers slowly began to connect to the Internet, and suddenly words like e-mail, Web browser and modem appeared. Windows 95 first introduced the "Start" button that has become the trademark of Windows (which accompanies us to this day), along with the possibilities to minimize and maximize windows with the taskbar, when it also appears here at the premiere. The minimum system requirements for this advanced Windows distribution included the 386DX processor And 4 megabytes of RAM, with recommended requirements for 486 and 8 megabytes of RAM. The system even introduced So that users, at least the lucky ones who were connected to the Internet at the time, could easily surf.
Bill Gates launches the 95 Windows 95 Baggage
One year after the release of the first Red Hat version, Red Hat Software was founded and the second version of Red Hat was released into the world. A year later, Red Hat began selling administrative functions to businesses. While Microsoft is working hard to provide the end user with as simple a user experience as possible, Linux distributions use open source software, free software licenses, and extensive customization options to appeal to the business market and provide much cheaper and more stable solutions. After all, a lot of developers around the world have contributed to the development work.
And 98 windows in, true, 1998
In 1998 Microsoft introduced the 98, the latest system running MS-DOS under the hood and the first designed specifically for home computers. In order to wink at the home user, 98 supported playing DVDs and USB devices and even being able to unlock Faster than ever. The development of the Internet and various Internet applications have led Microsoft to focus on the user experience and dramatically improve Google Internet Explorer and email software to meet growing user demand for applications and services .
At the same time, Red Hat receives support from Oracle and the certification of RHCE (certification by Red Hat for practical engineers who are capable of operating and managing RAD systems). A year later, Signed a partnership agreement with Red Hat, and Dell is the first to install RAD on its servers. Red Hat's 6 version is commensurate, and the company starts trading on the stock exchange.

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12 תגובות

  1. It's the thought that counts
    1. Since 1969 has not passed "a decade"
    2. If you already cover a wider period, then you should mention (at least) Amiga, OS / 2, and BeOS - three commercial desktop operating systems that may not have captured much market share, but included many innovations that we take for granted today.

  2. Small correction
    Linus Torvalds could not develop Linux on 1969, because this year he was born. If anything, the Unix OS was written in 1969 at Bell Labs at AT&T by Ken Thompson and Dennis Ritchie.

  3. And where is the Israeli point?
    It's a bit strange to read an article about WINDOWS that doesn't cover every Hebrew topic. In the DOS days, the representation of Hebrew was visual and it was WINDOWS that caused the upheaval and brought the logical Hebrew into the world. This was a dramatic change with the most widespread consequences. At least one paragraph should be devoted to this topic.

    Another innovation that WINDOWS brought to Israel is the removal of the need for strange and complicated software protection mechanisms. Until WINDOWS, all the software was protected by a plug-in that was connected to the computer's parallel entry by a specially burned floppy disk. WINDOWS was announced without protections and so were all of Microsoft's software which resulted in the physical protection of the software completely disappearing.

  4. Some repairs
    Briefly on BeOS and Amiga:

    Similar to how Apple computers come today if OS X (and earlier versions of Mac OS), in the 80 and 90 years, there were some other companies that made their own, non-PC computers, if other operating systems:

    Commodore (Commodore 64 computers etc.) and the Amiga operating system

    Be Inc (BeBOX Computer) and BeOS operating system

    Both operating systems were extremely lightweight and gave fast performance to hardware that was SNES level or not much higher

    The two companies no longer exist, but operating systems (employees, new and PC-compliant) of open-source operating systems are called Aros (of Amiga) and Haiku (of BeOS)

    And about "Linux" in the article:

    "Linux" is not a company. If a company has acquired small companies, it may mean a company that makes a specific Linux system like Red Hat or Novell and not the "Linux company"

    Ubuntu is not the first user-tailored operating system. Prior to that, Mandrake had the ease of use for the simple user (as the then-desktops allowed), and there were other systems (part based on Debian) that added simple (and primitive) graphical wizards into an existing system, with the wizard running the commands (sometimes from a command line Open and visible to the user) while the user sets things in the wizard

    OS X _ is not Linux-based but BSD, BSD is not Linux and is not built from the Linux source code, and the only connection is in the other (usually the same) software installed in the 2 operating systems but not the operating system itself. BSD is to some extent built from the original UNIX code

  5. What a past
    What memories ... you killed me
    I remember how I first installed Windows 3.1, upgraded to 95, 98 and beyond…
    The tension of seeing it work and not encountering some kind of fault on the way ..
    Me and another friend spend an entire day upgrading the operating system ..

  6. For 4, I don't want to be petty
    But to date, there are programs that require a special protection to operate.
    Very rare but present (you thought for example or any software used by the Ministry of Defense)

  7. You haven't forgotten anything
    There is one system that may not have been widely heard of but there is "WINDOWS ME"

    In a child column (today 19) I grew up in the "technological" world where there was already WIN 95 and of course 98 and 2000

    But at the age of 15 (when I got my first computer) I installed all the systems on it !!! In between with this 3.1-3.11 NT Ubuntu Fodora Solaris XP 2000 and Mac (in the PC version) Today I work with WIN 7 and on the cell phone of course Android 2.3.4 (amazing as it is PC! Linux based)

    Thanks for the article, it was interesting to recall these forgotten things and of course to bring up the gossip

  9. And another article full of mistakes
    Lots of mistakes and inaccuracies. Some individual examples

    A. ME was the last system where Dos ran under the table… and not 98.

    B. Windows 95 did not come with a built-in web browser. Only the OSR2 version added IE 2.0, which was the first built-in browser.

    By the way, for those who remember that their Hebrew version came with a browser, it's because the Hebrew version came six months after the English version and was already based on OSR2.

    And speaking of how apparently we didn't make progress, Windows 8 is a real revolution in operating system design, you can say that for the first time from Windowos 3.1

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