Dawn of a new era for Intel
The long wait is coming to an end and Alder Lake processors are becoming available for everyone - whether Intel Succeeded in its mission to regain the performance crown? We dived into an in-depth examination of models Core i5 andCore The new i9!
Today officially become Core processors in the 12th generation of Intel Available for PC users. This, along with new motherboards and for the first time as well זיכרון DDR5 For the new CPU platform. We received the new processors along with the rest of the platform products and tested their performance.
In recent years, the world of computer processors has undergone many changes. We have seen the rise of ARM processors on the one hand, and the strengthening of X86 processors on the other hand when both Intel and AMD Uses advanced manufacturing technologies to give users as much performance as possible.
There is no doubt that one of the most prominent players in the last three years is actually Intel's rival, AMD Which since introducing an increased amount of processing cores and fresh performance results to a market that has become a dormant exception, has become a real star.
You could say that for Intel When it comes to innovation in the world of desktops, the last few years have not been particularly easy. The promise of moving to a new production process has always been in the background but although the forgetfulness of processing has mostly increased, it is evident that moving to an innovative production process along with architecture Advanced is the answer to a real jump in performance and competition.
Since Intel moved to manufacturing in its 14-nanometer process with Core Fifth Series processors, it has remained in this manufacturing process as it has mostly undergone moderate improvements up to the 11th generation we saw earlier this year. On the other hand, we saw the AMD Moves to production processes and advanced architectures on its own, with much of its dependence on progress depending on the technologies held by the production giant TSMC In Taiwan where the processors are manufactured.
After many delays to the advanced production process in the factories of Intel, We began to see the 10 nm process of Intel Gaining speed. It started with low-frequency Ice Lake processors for the world of laptops, from there it accelerated to the significantly successful Tiger Lake processors and now finally all desktop computer users are tasting the same manufacturing process that over time became "Intel 7", the branding and way of Intel Tell us that the process is similar to that of other factories that claim to create at 7 nanometers.
Change setting Processors From the ground up with Alder Lake
Before we get to the meat and potatoes of the review, let’s start with a technical memo on one of the most significant changes in access to processors x86 In the modern age.
In a way that is not traditional at all, decides Intel That it reshapes the modern CPU composition to one that includes unconventional pieces of hardware. Alder Lake processors are those designed to accommodate eight large processing cores alongside eight small processing cores in the full composition of the processor. This, along with logic we know from other processors like זיכרון First, second and third level cache.
If such a processor is disassembled into parts, it can be seen that the main machining cores are divided into the P- groupCore And E-Core Where P denotes Performance and E denotes Efficiency. In terms of silicon space, it can be seen that a complex containing four E cores along with זיכרון A first-level cache for each core, and a second-level for all four is smaller than the composition of a single P-core with זיכרון Her cache.
According to Intel, It's one of the main ingredients in the secret sauce behind the recipe for Alder Lake processors success, including in desktop processors that are not limited to the same tight heat envelopes we know from mobile. Alongside this, the processor also contains an improved graphics core that we knew from the 11th generation processors. The Xe LP core comes in two configurations, one for mobile and one for stationary processors where in the stationary processors we get a relatively meager composition of 32 processing groups together on the media engine of the same graphics core. The media engine handles the encodings and algae of Video. The mobile processors will get a more meaty version that includes 96 processing groups.
The most powerful desktop processor includes eight P-cores, with the most powerful for standard laptops including six. The Ultra Mobile category usually includes ultrabooks and computers טאבלט Hybrids are extremely lightweight. This category gets two core P. All market segments that processors will reach Alder lake Will come with a maximum configuration of eight cores E. It is important for Intel to emphasize that these efficient cores are quite high importance everywhere.
Small cores for desktop processors? for what?
This question often arises. The world of desktops so far has worked without such and such hybrid solutions, why now? For we now get this "complication"?
Well, Intel has a very simple explanation for the unique design. The rationale behind the small core groups is that their job is to raspberry in all the small tasks that do not require serious processing power and thus free up resources from the large cores for serious computing needs.
Beyond that, it is important for Intel to make it clear that these small cores contain respectable power and will not form a weak link at all. It is a composition of strong cores, alongside much stronger cores.
Everything will live in harmony mainly thanks to this component. The Thread Director of Intel Is a component whose job is to be a traffic cop of processes between the small and large cores. Even at the hardware level and in collaboration with the operating system, processors knew Alder lake How to divide the work between the different cores to produce the maximum processing power we need in the bottom line. An original way to look at small cores are large cores with four processes.
it's important to remember P- coresCore Works with HyperThreading technology that allows two threads per core while E-coresCore No do not contain multicellular technologies. For example, a processor Core The i9 12900K has 8 cores of each type and has 24 capillaries, 16 of which come from the large cores and 8 from the small ones.
Alder Lake Review Kit
Here is a collection of photos of the official review kit of the new Alder Lake processors Intel. This kit also contains equipment that comes to us directly fromASUS and-Kingston For complementary components.
Although it features a lot on productivity, marketing around Alder Lake focuses primarily on gaming. This is what the package that contains the processor kit looks like, along with a printed photo of a processor Core i9 12900K.
The other side of the picture shows the lake named after the architecture. We mention, all of these lakes are real lakes that you can visit. Did you know? In the past Intel Used the names of water bodies in our country as a code name for processor architectures, such as Dotan and Banias. Who knows, if processors Intel Will continue to strengthen in the face of competition, perhaps it will be possible to call the next series "Dead Sea".
The package includes the pair of processors in the title. Usually launch kits include the CPUCore The senior i5 that finds itself popular among gamers, along with a processor Core The senior i9 that finds itself popular among content creators. Personally, I would also prefer to see the modelCore The senior i7 joins the same kits but can understand why it is not included. I would like to take this opportunity to note that we also have the processorCore i7 12700K and its review will come up later as part of a special cover Alder lake On a recently launched site.
Following the transition from LGA1151 to LGA1700 (and increasing the amount of contacts on the bottom accordingly), the need for Alder Lake processors reminds us of the extreme processors of Intel Example Core i9 10980XE for example. These are the larger processors we saw for a standard chassis of Intel So far.
Along with the processors came a fancy launch kit directly from Asus that includes a motherboard, Cooling For a processor suitable for the LGA1700 bracket and complementary products.
There is even a personal dedication from Asus Israel. The investment and care of its members is evident Intel To launch the new processor platform along with the entire periphery.
The package contains the motherboard with which we use for all exams our Alder Lake processors, both now and in the near future with Processors More. The ROG MAXIMUS Z690 HERO from Asus is Motherboard Based on the Z690 chipset and has extremely fast DDR5 support, and a huge amount of candy Overclocking. The use of Roman numerals seems to be for tablets ROG Comes to an end when in the previous generation used the number XIII which is 13.
Of course there is no way to test a new platform without the sub-stars of the platform, which are זיכרון And storage.
The storage and memory giant Kingston has given us an upgrade for the Alder Lake generation in DDR5 memory applications from its Fury BEAST series, as well as a drive SSD From the new RENEGADE series in the standard NVMe PCI-Express 4.0 and a decent volume of 2TB.
The LGA1700 chassis is slightly different physically than the one we have known so far in the mainstream chassis of Intel. The processor lid opens from the bottom and the handle itself is significantly larger. Note that the bracket is lower and the pin length is shorter compared to the LGA1151. As a result, the height of the processor when installed in the bracket is lower.
The bracket cover holds the CPU cover tongues as you can see in the picture. The amount of force required to close the bracket cover is significantly higher than that of the LGA1151 bracket. After carefully shutting down the processor with the triangle icon in the lower-left corner, all you have to do is lower the handle and insert it into a hook that takes care of securing its position.
Asus' kit also came with proper cooling for testing and overclocking of processors Intel The new ones. The Ryujin II 360 is a kit Cooling Invested water that uses a 360 millimeter radiator, three Noctua industrial fans and a powerful pump that includes a fan to cool the bracket area. Here is an interesting fact - this is one of the only times we have seen a new product from a hardware manufacturer receive installation instructions in Hebrew as well. Credit to Asus ישראל On the subject.
Put it all together - and you get the result you see in the picture. Our exam system has become available and ready for processor exams Alder lake Facing the previous generation and also facing the tough competition.
Market situation - Intel Opposite AMD
A second before we approach the performance tests, it is worth discussing the economic aspect and market position of the new Intel products compared to those currently offered fromAMD. Company AMD Which launched its Ryzen 5000 processors last year has managed to accumulate relatively large market seniority for its AM4 chassis products in recent years, and thus actually gets four on Intel When it comes to the budget needed to complete the components needed for a computer system based on them.
If you look at the typical price of processors AMD Compared to that of a series Core 12 The new established Alder lake, You can see that at each price point we find a different processor that takes up the budget area. We are keeping the summary recommendation phase in review, but it is important to look and see what the end of 2021 processor market will look like with the launch of the new processors.
Intel has decided to launch the Core Its new i9 12900K has a relatively high price tag, definitely one of the highest in history we have seen for a processor Core i9 of this type. It seems that performance considerations probably played a role in the pricing of the new processors.
On the other hand, we see that the cheapest newest generation processors remain in the territory of AMD With series RYZEN 5. Our job is to check whether the performance of the new processors will be worth the extra price, especially when perfecting motherboards that are just starting at close to a thousand shekels and memory DDR5 You will pay much more for it as well.
Processors under review - Core i5 12600K andCore i9 12900K
- Processors Core i5 get 6 cores P-Core And 4 E-Core cores
- Processors Core i7 get 8 cores P-Core And 4 E-Core cores
- Processors Core i9 get 8 cores P-Core And 8 E-Core cores
Of course Intel does not always like conventions so it is possible that we will see in the future simpler models that contain fewer cores, maybe even without cores E-Core completely.
It's time for the moment of truth. Exam system and performance tests on the next page!