IBM Unveils Processors Who try to simulate the actions of perception and recognition of the human mind
Company Now showing Two experimental "cognitive processors". This is a unique concept that purports to simulate the operation of the human brain, and is different from most of the processors that make up computers today, which are based on The von Neumann architecture (Based on memory storage Which communicates with the processor through one information channel).
These unique processors are also called "neurosynaptic computing chips" because they try to simulate the connections between nerve cells (neurons) and synapses in biological systems based on advanced circuits and algorithms.
Unlike most processors today, cognitive processors were not created to perform predefined actions as quickly as possible, but to "learn from experiences and experiences, find connections, create hypotheses and more."
Maybe to prove that this is more than a concept detached from reality, we will tell you Agency American government DARPA Will invest approximately $ 21 in the next phase of the project, which is called Synappse.
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IBM has created two models of Processors Cognitive using the Silicon On Insulator (SOI) method and 45-nm lithography, which includes 256 neurons - one offering 262,144 programmable synapses, and the other containing 65,536 "learning" synapses. The processors that have been created are being tested these days, and have already successfully demonstrated simple operations such as navigation, pattern recognition, classification, memory Associative and "Vision" (Machine Vision).
The processors contain "neurosynaptic cores" which contain a memory component that simulates the synapses, a processing component that simulates the neuron and a communication component that simulates the axons (responsible for transmitting "information" to the various organs in a biological body). we will mention that Processors These are not designed to replace the "traditional" processors (at least in their current incarnation), and offer minimum speeds of only about 10 Hz - similar to the human brain, with the goal being to deal with situations where other processors have difficulty exhausting their enormous processing power.
Long - term goal of IBM In this field, it will create a processor that will contain 10 billion neurons, but will also offer a minimum power consumption of only about 1,000 watts and will have compact dimensions of less than 2 liters in total.
B-IBM It is believed that cognitive processors will be able to shine when working in a "real and complex environment" based on a large number of different types of sensors - water supply monitoring, traffic light systems and real-time advanced logistics management are some of the examples mentioned.
Some of you must be busy preparing the underground bunker for an inevitable war of survival army The murderous robots will develop self-awareness precisely because of inventions such as the one we described above, but to us it sounds like a very intriguing and promising concept. In a few years, will our computer systems be composed of CPU, GPU and cognitive processor? We'll see.