The giant Taiwanese company, the world's largest supplier of semiconductor manufacturing services, is presenting its plans for 5 nanometer and 3 nanometer lithographs, which will probably be the latest silicon products on the market
In order to survive in the chip manufacturing market, we need to think and make moves years before their intended date, and this is something that we have been aware of for a long time - Intel, סמסונג And others to get a living illustration of it.
However, the need to plan for the future becomes particularly difficult in recent years, with every new manufacturing process in the semiconductor world bringing with it an investment of almost imaginary amounts of money, and no one is confident that future technologies will even become mature enough to make commercial sense Which we have already seen Intel Which has been forced to significantly delay its transition to production in the process of 10 nanometer due to major technological challenges from the foreseeable future GlobalFoundries Which skipped a planned production process at 20 nanometer after it failed to deliver the required performance and outputs.
Despite the challenge, the difficulties and the big risk involved, chip makers continue to run forward at full speed and speed - something that TSMC is doing now, hoping to maintain its position as the third-party maker (which makes chips with other companies in exchange for the biggest payment) Samsung and GloFo. The company announced Announced that they will invest in the near future a record record amount of 15.7 billion (!) In the construction of a new plant in Taiwan, on an estimated area of about 1 120 or more, to be used as a basis for the production of chips in the ultra-innovative 5 nanometers and 3 nanometers The "gate" legs through which the electrons flow or not flow in each transistor and transistor in the printed circuit).
B-TSMC Are very close to starting mass production in a new process of 10 nanometers, based on transistors FinFET Three-dimensional, of course, when first products of this type will undoubtedly reach the market sometime during the next year - while preparations are underway to roll out mass production in a new 7 nanometer process that will probably come during the year 2018 with potential for commercial products in two years or early Year 2019. The production process will then begin with a 5 nanometer aimed at the year 2020 - and only then will we see the investment in the new plant yielding potential fruit, when it will be used for the mass production of these ultra-advanced chips and to prepare for another new production process in 3 nanometers only, Name in 2022.
But when the chip is completed, the world of chips will find itself at a point it has not experienced since it began - when all the experts' predictions do not have a practical technical possibility of basing it on silicon as a basic platform To manufacture microchips with a technology smaller than 3 nanometer to value, and companies like Intel, TSMC, סמסונג And their counterparts will need to find entirely new semiconductor materials in order to proceed further.
This process will probably be much more expensive than the crazy sums invested in the chip market today - and the uncertainty and risk we mentioned above will only grow and intensify, so we can expect many more announcements of investing huge sums in this prestigious and exclusive field over the next few years. Let us hope that this money will not be spared in vain.